Jumpers are also required to compete over a course of obstacles, although the courses tend to be more technical, and speed is a consideration. Jumper courses include: tighter turns, a great variety of obstacles and frequent changes of direction. The jump structures are generally more colorful and may include water elements. Horses are judged on the time it takes to complete the course with the least amount of mistakes (or faults). Knocking down a jump, refusing to attempt the jump and surpassing the allotted time are all faults. Jumpers must be able to adjust their pace quickly, jump on a more vertical plane and exhibit agility.
The ideal jumper type has strong bones and is well-muscled. The horse should be built uphill to allow engagement to jump vertically and must possess a strong hindquarter. Joints should be large and well-designed to cushion the concussion associated with landing. A shoulder well-suited for speed is desirable, but not so steep as to interfere with flexion of the leg toward the chest. The horse should possess bravery and intelligence.