External Points of the Dog
External anatomy includes both the general and scientific terms that are used to describe the surface features of the dog. It is helpful to learn and feel comfortable using these terms, because they will later help us describe patterns of movement, locate anatomical structures, and converse properly with other small animal health care professionals.
Now that you have learned the directional terms and the external points of the dog, you can practice describing the relationship of the anatomical features with the directional terms. For example, you now know that the carpus is distal to the elbow. You can also say that the croup is caudal to the withers and dorsal to the thigh.